Die Dokumentation SSO 2012

Youth Runaway
Canadian website, documentation and support for youth, parents and educators

La fugue : de la fuite au retour, Editions Fondation pour l'Enfance, Actes du colloque du 28 mars 2008 au Centre des Conférences Internationales (Paris)

No-One Runs Away For No Reason': Understanding Safeguarding Issues, 2014
"The majority of children and young people run away from home due to family relationship problems. Running away or being physically absent from home may be due to abuse and neglect. One in 11 children reported being hurt or harmed whilst running away."

Early maladaptive schemas as predictor of adolescents runaway, 2013
"In general, the discriminate function categorized 98.6% of all cases correctly and this claims a high predictive power and a significant validity for this model."

Guide sur les pratiques relatives au traitement des fugues des jeunes hébergés dans les unités de vie et les foyers de groupe de centres jeunesse, 2013
"Le Guide vise à permettre aux intervenants des CJ de mieux comprendre le phénomène de la fugue chez les jeunes hébergés dans les unités de réadaptation et les foyers de groupe."

Two-year predictors of runaway and homeless episodes following shelter services among substance abusing adolescents, 2013
"Findings suggest that increasing family support, care and connection and reducing substance use are important targets of intervention efforts in preventing future runaway and homeless episodes amongst a high risk sample of adolescents."

Running Away from Out-of-Home Care: A Multilevel Analysis
Previous research suggests that the likelihood of runaway episodes among children in out-of-home care varies across different communities/regions. However, the potential regional variation has rarely been reflected in attempts to understand runaway episodes in out-of-home care systems. The current study examines the effects of child characteristics, family characteristics and child welfare system-related characteristics on the likelihood of runaway episodes among children in out-of-home care, while accounting for county-level variations in the risk of runaway behaviours. The authors employed multilevel analyses using data on children aged 12-17 from the 2009 AFCARS database. Results demonstrate that the likelihood of runaway episodes varied across counties. Accounting for county variation, children's ages, gender, diagnosed clinical conditions, family structures, number of removals, number of placements, removal manner, and case plan goals significantly predicted runaway status. Implications are discussed.

Factors associated with placement breakdown initiated by foster parents - empirical findings from Germany, 2013
This study investigates the effects of covariates on the probability of placement breakdown in non-kinship family foster care. Breakdowns are distinguished according to the initiator: children, carers, foster parents and the local child welfare authorities.

Childhood Instability and Girls' Delinquency: Role of Changes in Schools, Homes, and Caregivers, in Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma, Jennifer McLeera & Dana DeHart, 2013
There are indications that stressful live factors-such as instability of childhood residence, schools, and primary caregivers-may be associated with occurrence of adolescent delinquency. Using self-report interviews with 100 girls committed to a juvenile facility, we examined the duration of substance use and running away as it related to childhood instability indicators including changes in caregivers, residences, and schools in the girls' lives. Findings showed significant associations between status offending and childhood instability. Specifically, girls' substance abuse was positively associated with number of schools attended. Additionally, running away was positively associated with number of schools and number of different primary caregivers, but was negatively associated with number of different residences. Potential explanations and implications for future research are addressed.

Runaway Behavior among Adolescents in Residential Care: The Role of Personal Characteristics, Victimization Experiences while in Care, Social Climate, and Institutional Factors, 2012
The findings demonstrate the need for an ecological perspective in addressing adolescent runaway behavior in the care system. It reflects a growing shift in the literature from regarding running away from care as a personal deviance and symptom of pathological behavior to seeing it as a phenomenon largely affected by the context in which the child lives.
Policy makers and RCS professionals should be aware of the multilevel risk factors of adolescents running away from care facilities. This awareness can assist in developing RCS staff's ability to identify youth at risk for running away, as well as settings that are more likely to have runaways, and to develop intervention programs designed to reduce that risk.

Development of Antisocial Behavior During Childhood, Richard E. Tremblay, 2012
Longitudinal studies tracing developmental trajectories of antisocial behavior from early childhood onwards suggest an inversed developmental process. Antisocial behavior is universal during early childhood. With age, children learn socially acceptable behavior from interactions with their environment.

The Relationship Between Childhood Maltreatment and Adolescent Violent Victimization, Marie Skubak Tillyer,University of Texas at San Antonio, 2012
Research has identified numerous negative consequences of childhood maltreatment, including poor academic performance, psychological distress, and delinquency. To date, studies examining childhood maltreatment and subsequent victimization have largely focused on the relationship between childhood sexual abuse and intimate partner abuse in adulthood. It is unclear, however, if maltreatment during childhood is related to subsequent violent victimization during adolescence. Theories of victimization, in combination with the existing literature on the causes and consequences of childhood maltreatment, suggest that these experiences would be correlated. This study used longitudinal data from a nationally representative sample of adolescents to examine whether childhood maltreatment is empirically related to subsequent adolescent violent victimization, and if so, whether this relationship can be explained by existing victimization theories. Findings indicate that a significant relationship exists between childhood maltreatment and adolescent violent victimization, and that a risky lifestyle appears to mediate the relationship.

The Impact of Running Away on Teen Girls' Sexual Health, 2012
This article reviews three recent studies investigating the impact of running away on adolescent females' sexual health. There are between 500,000 and 2.8 million runaway and homeless youth in the U.S. at any point in time, and adolescent females are at increased risk as compared to males. All three studies analyzed data from The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health and each examined a different health risk related to runaways including sexual debut, sexual assault and pregnancy. These studies show how health risks are persistent even after adolescents return home to their primary residence.

Social support for schoolchildren at risk of social exclusion, 2012
The research results revealed that most often schoolchildren face the risk of social exclusion at school during adolescence period. They are characterized as incommunicative, unsociable, passive, and shy, do not trust others, are vulnerable, have learning problems and avoid collaborative activities. These schoolchildren usually come from families of social risk or single parent families. The support provided at school by teachers to schoolchildren at risk of social exclusion is only fragmentary. Further development of social skills and close cooperation of professionals working at school is necessary to prevent social exclusion.

The Influence of Father Involvement on Child Welfare Permanency Outcomes: A Secondary Data Analysis, 2012
Children have a higher risk for poor psychosocial outcomes when their fathers are absent or uninvolved. These children are more likely to live in poverty, drop out of school, and engage in risky behaviors like using alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drugs. Only 54 percent of nearly a half million children in foster care had contact with their fathers in the past year compared to 72 percent of children from the general population. Data on the involvement of fathers whose children are in out-of-home placements are scarce and child welfare agency efforts to involve fathers and children's permanency outcomes also are not well documented.
This present study entails a secondary data analysis of 60 foster care case records to assess the influence of father involvement on children's permanency outcomes. The findings indicate that when fathers are involved their children have shorter lengths of stay in foster care and they are more likely to be reunited with birth parents or placed with relatives after foster care than in non-relative placements. This study contributes to the emerging research on father involvement and explores agency practices that might account for long-term and non-relative out-of-home placements. Implications for child welfare practice, policy, and research are discussed.

Fragility of environment and psychic event in adolescents placed in institutions: A clinical study, 2012
This clinical study addresses fragility of environment, construction of psychic event and its update in emotional development of the youth placed in institutions for protection. It is made from a device practitioner Social Children's House, which involves in the field of Child Protection. Through a case study structured around three analyzers: process development, environmental quality and occurrence of the event, we show the complexity of a chaotic life actualized in institutions and outlining professionals to participate in the repetition of the traumatic history of the adolescent.



The Relationship Between Victimization and Substance Use Among Homeless and Runaway Female Adolescents, 2012
Each year, thousands of female adolescents run away from home due to sexual abuse, yet they continue to be victims of sexual assault once on the street. To date, few studies have examined how various forms of victimization are related to different types of substance use. The purpose of this article is to investigate the relationship between street exposure, childhood abuse, and different forms of street victimization with alcohol and marijuana use among 137 homeless and runaway female adolescents. Results from path analysis revealed that child sexual abuse was positively linked to trading sex and sexual and physical victimization. In addition, those who have traded sex experienced greater physical victimization, and who have spent more time away from home, used alcohol more frequently. Moreover, trading sex and experiencing more types of sexual victimization were positively linked to more frequent marijuana usage. Age, age at first run, longest time away from home, sexual abuse, and trading sex had significant indirect effects on alcohol and/or marijuana use. Together, these factors accounted for 27% of the variance in alcohol use and 37% of the variance in marijuana use.

Personal Construct System of a Runaway Adolescent: An Illustrative Case Study, 2012
Personal constructs of an 18-year-old adolescent were explored by the use of a repertory grid focusing on the domains of family, self, and world. Results indicated that the runaway adolescent construed his family in a negative and rejecting way, whereas important people outside the family were perceived in a more accepting and friendly manner. It was also found that although the young man construed himself in a positive manner, at the same time he perceived himself as aloof and distant from both family and nonfamily members. The findings indicate that a young adolescent's decision to run away from home and jump into the world of the unknown is the consequence of certain push factors in the home environment and pull factors in the external world. Results of the grid are discussed in light of key elements in construct space.

Délinquance des filles et délinquance des garçons : différence dans les comportements ou différence dans la gestion des comportements ? Une étude du point de vue des intervenants, 2012
Mais un enfant qui casse, qui frappe, qui fugue, qui ment, qui vole, il faut bien le punir, non ? Nasser avait éclaté de rire: un enfant qui fait tout ça, c'est qu'on l'a déjà trop puni [...] La punition ne vient pas après le crime, elle le précède, elle le figure, elle l'appelle.' Annie Leclerc, L'enfant, le prisonnier, 2003

You Need Help!: A Step-By-Step Plan to Convince a Loved One to Get Counselling, 2012
If you feel that a friend or loved one has a problem and needs professional help, this step-by-step guide will give you the tools to approach, engage, and support him or her.
Author : Mark S. Komrad, M.D., is an award-winning psychiatrist on the teaching staff of John Hopkins, as well as the director of clinical ethics at the prestigious Baltimore-based Sheppard Pratt hospital, where he teaches psychiatric residents. He appears regularly on public radio and has had numerous articles and columns published in professional journals and newspapers, and on mental health websites, including the Mental Health America website.

The Role of Return Home Welfare Interviews in Responding to the Needs of Young Runaways, 2012
When children and young people run away from home or care it is most often indicative of problems in their lives. Reporting on the findings of a recent evaluation, this study considers the role, delivery and impact of ‘return home welfare interviews' (RHWIs) in identifying children and young people in need. It concludes that RHWIs function as an effective screening mechanism and can be facilitative in creating multiple pathways for referral to appropriate services. It challenges assumptions about the unsuitability of the police in undertaking RHWIs and highlights the importance of context, training and appropriate resourcing to the success of police delivery.

There is a scandal going on in England involving children missing from care - and until recent cases of child sexual exploitation in Rochdale and other places put the spotlight on this issue - it was going on pretty much unnoticed. Going missing is a key indicator that a child might be in great danger. When children go missing, they are at very serious risk of physical abuse, sexual exploitation and sometimes so desperate they will rob or steal to survive.

Risk behavior of runaways who return home, 06.2012:

Results: Runaway status was strongly associated with each of the risk behaviors examined. The adjusted odds ratios for runaway status were higher for all behaviors (alcohol use, binge drinking, illegal prescription drug use, and sex without birth control) compared with the odds ratios for the other independent variables. More than half of runaways reported running away because of family problems, and only about one-third received any services after the most recent runaway episode.
: The findings from this study suggest that running away from home is a risk factor for future risky behaviors (substance use and sex without birth control), even when youth return home and do not end up on the streets. Interventions are needed for youth who return home as it cannot be assumed that returning eliminates the risk of using substances or engaging in sex without birth control.

"La crise suicidaire : reconnaître et prendre en charge", 08.2000, publié sur le net, 07.2012
A ces circonstances qui concernent les sujets suicidaires de tous âges, nous ajoutons le cas particulier des adolescents qui multiplient les conduites de rupture (fugues, mises en danger diverses, ivresses répétées à l'alcool ou au haschisch, "clashs" relationnels itératifs, scarifications et brûlures auto-infligées, etc.) sans toujours les reconnaître comme suicidaires.

Why Gender Matters: A Partial Test of Travis, Hirschi's Element of Attachment, 01.2012
Survey questions for minor delinquency were: "How many times in the Last Year have you"(...) (V394) run awayfrom home;

Unraveling Victim-Offender Overlap: Exploring Profiles and Constellations of Risk
... Adolescent violence perpetration: Associations with multiple types of adverse childhood
experiences. ... Proposed mechanisms of such change are the desire to escape abusive situations (which prompt maltreated youth to run away or disengage from school and family ...